Fact Checking References

Fact Checking References

Andreyev, Catherine. Vlasov and the Russian Liberation Movement, 1941-1945. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Axell, Albert. Stalin’s War: Through the Eyes of His Commanders. New York, NY: Distributed in the USA by Sterling Pub. Co., 1997.

Barbier, M. K. Kursk: The Greatest Tank Battle Ever Fought, 1943. Hersham: Ian Allan, 2002.

Beevor, Antony. Berlin: The Downfall, 1945. London: Viking, 2002.

—. Stalingrad. New York: Viking, 1998.

Bellamy, Chris. Absolute War: Soviet Russia in the Second World War: A Modern History. London: Macmillan, 2007.

Bergström, Christer. Kursk: The Air Battle, July 1943. Burgess Hill: Classic, 2008.

Bialer, Seweryn. Stalin and His Generals;: Soviet Military Memoirs of World War II. New York: Pegasus|c, 1969.

Bidlack, Richard. The Leningrad Blockade, 1941-1944: A New Documentary History from the Soviet Archives. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2012.

Birstein, Vadim J. Smersh: Stalin’s Secret Weapon: Soviet Military Counterintelligence in WWII. London: Biteback Publishing, 2011.

Braithwaite, Rodric. Moscow 1941: A City and Its People at War. London: Profile Books Ltd., 2006.

Brent, Jonathan. Stalin’s Last Crime: The Plot against the Jewish Doctors, 1948-1953. New York: HarperCollins, 2003.

Bryant, Chad Carl. Prague in Black: Nazi Rule and Czech Nationalism. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2007.

Butler, Rupert. Stalin’s Secret War: The NKVD on the Eastern Front. Barnsley: Pen & Sword Military, 2010.

Chaney, Otto Preston. Zhukov. Norman, Okla.: University of Oklahoma Press, 1996.

Cisek, Janusz. “American Reports on the Polish-Bolshevik War, 1919-1920.” American Reports on the Polish-Bolshevik War, 1919-1920, 2010.

Clark, Lloyd. The Battle of the Tanks: Kursk, 1943. [Berkeley, Calif.]: Distributed by Publishers Group West, 2011.

Courtois, Stéphane., and Mark. Kramer, eds. The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1999.

Craig, William. Enemy at the Gates;: The Battle for Stalingrad. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1973.

Daĭnes, V. O.. Vasilevskiĭ. Moskva: Veche, 2012.

Demetz, Peter. Prague in Danger: The Years of German Occupation, 1939-45, Memories and History, Terror and Resistance, Theater and Jazz, Film and Poetry, Politics and War. New York: Farrar, 2008.

Denny, Isabel. The Fall of Hitler’s Fortress City: The Battle of Königsberg, 1945. London: Greenhill, 2007.

Duffy, Christopher. Red Storm on the Reich: The Soviet March on Germany, 1945. London: Routledge, 1991.

Ellis, Frank. The Stalingrad Cauldron: Inside the Encirclement and Destruction of 6th Army. Lawrence, Kan.: University Press of Kansas, 2013.

Erickson, John. The Road to Berlin: Continuing the History of Stalin’s War with Germany. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1983.

Filippenkov, Mikhail. Vi͡azemskai͡a Golgofa Generala Koneva. Moskva: Veche, 2012.

Fritz, Stephen G. Ostkrieg: Hitler’s War of Extermination in the East. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2011.

Getty, J. Arch, Gabor T. Rittersporn, and Viktor N. Zemskov. “Victims of the Soviet Penal System in the Pre-War Years: A First Approach on the Basis of Archival Evidence.” The American Historical Review 98, no. 4 (October 1, 1993)

Glantz, David M. The Battle for Leningrad: 1941-1944. Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2002.

—. The Battle of Kursk. Lawrence, Kan.: University Press of Kansas, 1999.

Gregory, Paul R. Terror by Quota: State Security from Lenin to Stalin: An Archival Study. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2009.

Haslam, Jonathan. The Soviet Union and the Threat from the East, 1933-41: Moscow, Tokyo and the Prelude to the Pacific War. Basingstoke: Macmillan in association with the Centre for Russian and East European Studies, 1992.

Jackson, Robert. Battle of the Baltic: The Wars, 1918-1945. Barnsley: Pen & Sword Maritime, 2007.

Kostyrchenko, G. Out of the Red Shadows: Anti-Semitism in Stalin’s Russia. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1995.

Lumans, Valdis O. Latvia in World War II. New York: Fordham University Press, 2006.

Lunde, Henrik O. Finland’s War of Choice: The Troubled German-Finnish Coalition in WWII. Newbury [U.K.]: Casemate, 2011.

Lustiger, Arno. Stalin and the Jews: The Red Book: The Tragedy of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee and the Soviet Jews. New York: Enigma, 2003.

MacDonogh, Giles. After the Reich: The Brutal History of the Allied Occupation. New York: Basic Books, 2007.

Montefiore, Sebag. Young Stalin. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2007.

Nagorski, Andrew. The Greatest Battle: Stalin, Hitler, and the Desperate Struggle for Moscow That Changed the Course of World War II. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2007. Parrish, Michael. Sacrifice of the Generals: Soviet Senior Officer Losses, 1939-1953. Lanham: Scarecrow Press, 2004.

Pilecki, Witold. The Auschwitz Volunteer: Beyond Bravery. Los Angeles, CA: Aquila Polonica, 2012.

Rapoport, Louis. Stalin’s War against the Jews: The Doctors’ Plot and the Soviet Solution. New York: Free Press, 1990.

Redlich, Shimon. Propaganda and Nationalism in Wartime Russia: The Jewish Antifascist Committee in the USSR, 1941-1948. [Boulder, Colo.]: East European Quarterly, 1982.

—. War, Holocaust and Stalinism: A Documented Study of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee in the USSR. Luxembourg: Harwood Academic Publishers, 1995.

Richardson & Steirman., ed. Battles Hitler Lost, and the Soviet Marshalls Who Won Them: Marshalls Zhukov, Konev, Malinovsky, Rokossovsky, Rotmistrov, Chuikov, and Other Commanders. New York: Richardson & Steirman, 1986.

Roberts, Geoffrey. Stalin’s General: The Life of Georgy Zhukov. New York: Random House, 2012.

—. Victory at Stalingrad: The Battle That Changed History. New York: Longman, 2002.

Roi, Yaacov., ed. Jews and Jewish Life in Russia and the Soviet Union. Portland, Ore.: F. Cass, 1995.

Salisbury, Harrison E. The 900 Days;: The Siege of Leningrad. New York: Harper & Row, 1969.

Seaton, Albert. The Battle for Moscow, 1941-1942. New York: Stein and Day, 1971.

—. The Russo-German War, 1941-45. London: A. Barker, 1971.

Shukman, Harold., ed. Stalin’s Generals. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1993.

Tarrant, V. E. Stalingrad: Anatomy of an Agony. London: L. Cooper, 1992.

Ungváry, Krisztián. Battle for Budapest: One Hundred Days in World War II. London: I.B. Tauris, 2003.

—. The Siege of Budapest: One Hundred Days in World War II. London: Yale University Press, 2005.

Vasilevskiĭ, A. M. A Lifelong Cause. Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1981.

Vehviläinen, Olli. Finland in the Second World War: Between Germany and Russia. New York: Palgrave, 2002.

Veidlinger, Jeffrey. The Moscow State Yiddish Theater: Jewish Culture on the Soviet Stage. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2000.

The International Institute for Holocaust Research

Zetterling, Niklas. Kursk 1943: A Statistical Analysis. Portland, Or: Frank Cass, 2000.

Yakov Gelfanbein
Artillery corp and paratrooper that liberated Auschwitz and became rocket scientist
15:31 Likely that being Jewish meant that SMERSH was less likely to accuse him of being Nazi spy
“5th Line” = section/branch 5 of SMERSH responsible for “oversight in military districts”
Stephan, Robert. Stalin’s Secret War: Soviet Counterintelligence Against the Nazis, 1941–1945. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2004.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smersh – chart “section 5”
Sergei Korolev: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sergei_Korolev

Isaak Budnitsky
Sergeant whose unit was ‘passing through’ Stalingrad and became trapped in the battle
Stalingrad: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_of_stalingrad.htm
Liberation Of Vienna: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vienna_Offensive

Lazar Chukhovich
Sniper given command of his unit at 18
Liberation of Budapest: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Budapest
Liberation Of Vienna: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vienna_Offensive

Zinovi Feigin
Radio operator and paratrooper that took part in some of the most important battles
Balaton Lake (7:42) part of allied defense following Nazi’s “Operation Spring Awakening or 3rd Ukrainian Front: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Spring_Awakening 
Liberation Of Vienna: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vienna_Offensive

David Fisherman
Tank driver and mechanic
Caucasus: http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=284
“Famous” Vitebsk tank battle:  http://www.flamesofwar.com/Default.aspx?tabid=112&art_id=1062
Liberation of Riga: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riga_Offensive_(1944)

Beniamin Frumkin
Regiment engineer (combat role)
Japan (Khalkhyn Gol): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battles_of_Khalkhin_Gol
Battle Of Moscow: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_for_moscow.htm
Konigsberg: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Königsberg
USSR in Korea: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_Union_in_the_Korean_War

Shulim Grinberg
Airforce gunner and mechanic
Battle Of Moscow: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_for_moscow.htm
Battle Of Kursk: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kursk

Efim Perlitch
Infantry and later paratrooper
Stalingrad: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_of_stalingrad.htm
Kiev: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kiev_(1943)
Chernobyl: http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/Safety-and-Security/Safety-of-Plants/Chernobyl-Accident/#.UgpVOM0Tnzw

Philip Potiyevsky
Spent most of war at collective farm after being wounded near Moscow
Battle Of Moscow: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_for_moscow.htm

Zinovi Rogov
Almost 13 when siege of Leningrad started, helped dig anti tank trenches
Siege of Leningrad: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Leningrad
http://www.saint-petersburg.com/history/siege.asp
“kosmopolies” page 5 0:55: http://www.sparknotes.com/biography/stalin/section10.rhtml  Stalin post war mentions anti Semitism and political paranoia

Berta Tsirkina
Very young during siege and gives child’s POV
Siege of Leningrad: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Leningrad
http://www.saint-petersburg.com/history/siege.asp

Alexi Shtern
Sergeant major in tank unit who also fought as regular infantry
Stalingrad: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_of_stalingrad.htm
Konigsberg: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Königsberg
Kurland liquidation
http://latvianhistory.wordpress.com/tag/courland/
http://vip.latnet.lv/lpra/fg_kurland.htm
http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract;jsessionid=59721ABC02D3BCB2476018B1C01266F5.journals?fromPage=online&aid=208039

Yakov Krenin                     
Served in mortar regiment on front lines of major offensives
Lib majdanek:
http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Poland/Majdanek/Liberation.html
Battle of Berlin: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_for_berlin.htm
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_for_berlin.htm
1:43 Mentions David Dragunsky fondly, he became chair of the anti Zionist committee (1982) of the soviet republic  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-Zionist_committee_of_the_Soviet_public demonstrating Dragunsky’s high reputation and provides window into the other side of many of the interviewee’s struggle to emigrate – Budinsky 12:30, Svrirsky 52:44ish, Ashiman 29:13, Kogan 21:15, Mark Bass 27:26,
Battle of Berlin: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_for_berlin.htm
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_for_berlin.htm
11 22 Great Purge http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Purge
Tukhachevsky – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tukhachevsky

Liya Liberova 
Aerial reconnaissance during Siege of Leningrad in ‘all female unit’
Women during siege of Leningrad
p 64 – 74

Alexi Litvachuk
Communications officer in small reconnaissance battalion
Battle Of Moscow: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_for_moscow.htm

Boris Kravitz
Private during war who became NKVD interrogator after
Konigsberg: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Königsberg
NKVD: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NKVD
http://www.nkvd.org/

Grigory Genin
Infantry platoon commander in some of the most significant battles
Stalingrad: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_of_stalingrad.htm
Liberation of Budapest: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Budapest
Liberation Of Vienna: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vienna_Offensive

Anna Khaliayskaya
She and her husband escaped Minsk ghetto and spent war fighting with partisans
Belarusian Partisans: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belarusian_partisans
Trotstenents: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maly_Trostenets_extermination_camp

Arkadiy Novokolsky
Aerial reconnaissance solider who invented new way to position cameras on planes
Battle Of Moscow: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_for_moscow.htm
Battle of Minsk: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Białystok–Minsk part of operation Barbarossa http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Barbarossa
Arial reconnaissance: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aerial_reconnaissance_in_World_War_II

Eugene Katz
Partisan who was eventually integrated into red army, vivid descriptions of fighting
Belarusian Partisans: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belarusian_partisans
Konigsberg: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Königsberg

Grigory Svirsky
Fighter pilot in northern Russia who became famous writer after the war
Soviet Airforce: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_Air_Forces
His Own Writing: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grigory_Svirsky

Isaak Ashiman
Engineer Lieutenant in non combat role, built bridges and was in charge of logistics
Field Engineers: http://www.militarymodelling.com/forums/postings.asp?th=83748
Yes it’s about action figures but the info is solid and the topic is rare

Isaak Kogan
Submachine gunner on 2nd Belarusian front
2nd Belarusian Front: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2nd_Belorussian_Front
Chernobyl: http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/Safety-and-Security/Safety-of-Plants/Chernobyl-Accident/#.UgpVOM0Tnzw

Isaak Zarembo
Part of rare predominantly Jewish regiment in first shock army
Battle Of Moscow: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_for_moscow.htm
Liberation of Riga: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riga_Offensive_(1944)

Leonid Feldman
Master Sergeant in communications platoon of armoured landing division
Siege of Leningrad: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Leningrad
Konigsberg: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Königsberg
Liberation of Riga: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riga_Offensive_(1944)

Leonid Sheinker
Airforce gunner and armament engineer, wrote book about Jewish Heroes of Soviet Union
Battle Of Moscow: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_for_moscow.htm
Battle of Berlin: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_for_berlin.htm
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_for_berlin.htm

Lev Pinkus
War began when he was 11, joined partisan unit with brother and sister
Belarusian Partisans: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belarusian_partisans
Bombing Of Brest: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Defense_of_Brest_Fortress

Mark Bass
Motorcycle Battalion in Defense of Moscow and machine gunner in Winter Offensive
Battle Of Moscow: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_for_moscow.htm
Winter Offensive: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastern_Front_(World_War_II)

Mikhail Bass
Joined partisans after escaping Minsk ghetto and eventually integrated into Red Army
Belarusian Partisans: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belarusian_partisans
Konigsberg: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Königsberg
Liberation of Poland: http://ww2.debello.ca/poland/

Moisei Chernoguz
Radio officer in command of attack platoon made up of 60 convicts at 18 years old
Battle Of Moscow: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_for_moscow.htm
Liberation of Riga: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riga_Offensive_(1944)
Also involved in Kurland liquidation
Nina Golsshtein
Young civilian during siege of Leningrad
Siege of Leningrad: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Leningrad

Noah Shneidman
Joined partisan unit after escaping ghetto, integrated into Red Army Cavalry Corps
*never says what ghetto but probably Vilno, where he was born
Konigsberg: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Königsberg
Battle of Berlin: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_for_berlin.htm
2:30 General Budenny: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semyon_Budyonny

Semen Perlmutrov
Wounded on Leningrad front and describes being moved between different hospitals
Siege of Leningrad: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Leningrad

Shelma Mushkat
Artillery Commander on Leningrad Front and Gorky Region
Siege of Leningrad: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Leningrad

Sima Vesoli
Nurse in mobile medical units who served in Europe and Asia
Soviet-North Korean Relations: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Korea–Russia_relations

Valentin Rabinovich
Anti aircraft artillery near Leningrad felt he was denied medals due to anti-Semitism
Siege of Leningrad: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Leningrad

Yakov Perlamutrov
Machine gunner on Ukrainian Front
Ukrainian Front: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1st_Ukrainian_Front
Battle Of Kursk (aftermath): http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_of_kursk.htm
6:00 General Konev: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivan_Konev
Cut out- not fact checked 36:35 Dayan/Ben Gurion founding army successfully because of experience in Soviet Army isn’t true:  Neither served in Red Army, Ben Gurion was born in Ukraine and his limited military experience came later and in Ottoman controlled Palestine, no real evidence of Dayan ever going to a Soviet territory as anything other than diplomat
45:37 General Hagana claim can stay

Yakov Rats
Escaped Leningrad blockade through ice bridge, became tank mechanic and commander
Siege of Leningrad: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Leningrad

Yefim Feldman
Paramedic in light artillery regiment
Liberation of Riga: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riga_Offensive_(1944)

Yevgeniy Vesyoly
Mechanic In Soviet-French Normandie-Niemen Air Regiment
Normandie-Niemen: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Normandie-Niemen

Iosif Zibenberg
 Served in signals (communications) battalion
Stalingrad: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_of_stalingrad.htm
Battle Of Kursk: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_of_kursk.htm
Liberation of Prague: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prague_Offensive

Zinovy Ofsei
Regiment doctor and military surgeon, wounded in 1942 and unable to return to service
Battle Of Kiev: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kiev_(1941)

Zinovy Rovner
Mortar battery’s radio operator in North Korea who fought against occupying Japanese
30:32 Kamikazes didn’t’ hide in bushes: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamikaze but regular troops did, maybe just edit around the word as is important to story
USSR vs Japan: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet–Japanese_War_(1945)
North Korea and USSR: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Korea–Russia_relations